This project would not have been possible without the work of scholars who shared their own research in the books and journal articles that follow.

  • Al Carroll, Medicine Bags and Dog Tags: American Indian Veterans from Colonial Times to the Second Iraq War (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2008).
  • Kornel Chang, Pacific Connections: The Making of the U.S.-Canadian Borderlands (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2012).
  • Sasha Davis, The Empires’ Edge: Militarization, Resistance, and Transcending Hegemony in the Pacific (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2015).
  • Gail Lee Dubrow, Sento at Sixth and Main: Preserving Landmarks of Japanese American Heritage (Seattle: Seattle Arts Commission and University of Washington Press, 2002).
  • Sean Fraga, “An Outlet to the Western Sea: Puget Sound, Terraqueous Mobility, and Northern Pacific Railroad’s Pursuit of Trade with Asia, 1864–1892,” Western Historical Quarterly 51, no. 4 (2020).
  • Karen L. Ishizuka, Serve the People: Making Asian America in the Long Sixties (New York: Verso, 2016).
  • Moon-Ho Jung, Coolies and Cane: Race, Labor, and Sugar in the Age of Emancipation (Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 2008)
  • Matthew Klingle, Emerald City: An Environmental History of Seattle (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2007).
  • Paul Kramer, The Blood of Government: Race, Empire, the United States and the Philippines (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006).
  • Erika Lee, At America’s Gates: Chinese Immigration During the Exclusion Era, 1882–1943 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003).
  • Shelley Sang-Hee Lee, Claiming the Oriental Gateway: Prewar Seattle and Japanese America (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2011).
  • Murray Morgan, Skid Road: An Informal Portrait of Seattle (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2018).
  • Mae Ngai, Impossible Subjects: Illegal Aliens and the Making of Modern America (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004).
  • Josh Reid, “Professor Igloo Jimmie and Dr. Boombang Meet the Heathens: Indigenous Representations and the Geography of Empire at the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition,” Pacific Northwest Quarterly 101, no. 3/4 (2010).
  • Brian Russell Roberts and Michelle Ann Stephens, “Introduction: Decontinentalizing the Study of American Culture,” Archipelagic American Studies (Durham: Duke University Press, 2017).
  • J. Willis Sayre, This City of Ours (Seattle: Seattle School District, 1936).
  • Ryoichi Shibazaki, “Seattle and the Japanese-United States Baseball Connection, 1905–1926,” Master’s thesis (University of Washington, 1981).
  • Quintard Taylor, The Forging of a Black Community: Seattle’s Central District from 1870 through the Civil Rights Era (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1994).
  • Coll Thrush, Native Seattle: Histories from the Crossing-Over Place (Seattle: University of Washington, 2007).
  • Dennis Zhang, “Sinophobic Epidemics in America: Historical Discontinuity in Disease-related Yellow Peril Imaginaries of the Past and Present,” Journal of Medical Humanities 42, (2021).

Additional thanks to contributors to HistoryLink.org, the Seattle Civil Rights and Labor Project, and Densho whose work was invaluable to our own research and is frequently cited throughout.